Evaluation is assessing a situation through Indicators with a view to performing operations on and combination of variables.
The aim of Evaluation is to assess if there is any gap between:
- a situation as it is
- a situation as it should be
The overcoming of this gap is the process of Problem Dealing.
The highlighting of this gap is achieved through the use of appropriate Indicators.
Indicators are the expression of:
- concerning situations/operations/combinations
- in relation to needs/values/norms
The function of Indicators is to:
- highlight variables in a situation
- point to variables for operation/combination
- assess the acceptability/desirability of the (new) situation, operation, combination
According to the type of indicators or the area of intervention, Indicators are known as: social, economic, environmental, etc.
Indicators can be classified according to the function/s they are meant to perform, via the variable/s (= "it") examined, for example:
- Indicators of State
(how it is - where it is)
- Indicators of Process/Progress
(how and where it is - how and where it is moving to)
- Indicators of Target
(how and where it should be - how and where it should move to)
- Indicators of Performance
(how it has performed - how it is performing)
"It" refers to the variable/s under observation.
Evaluation : summing up (^)
Evaluation is ever present in all the phases of Problem Dealing.
If Evaluation cannot be done properly (for instance, because of lack of data) or it reveals a poor rating of the solution (at the stage either of proposal or of implementation), what is needed is to resort again to Documentation.